Executive functions are the neurocognitive processes that allow your child to use cognitive resources effectively. They include attention, working memory, planning and organization, time management, cognitive flexibility, speed of information processing and emotional self-regulation. Students who struggle with executive function disorders have difficulty planning, executing, managing and self-regulating both cognitive and social behavior.
Working with a student who struggles with executive functioning deficits (EFD), my first step is to provide them with a basic understanding of the brain. They need to know that EFD is a condition that can be managed and should not be a source of embarrassment or shame. EFD can be addressed through specific evidence-based programs. Instruction and training is designed to meet the particular needs of the individual student. Ongoing reinforcement is essential to success.